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South America



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South America


South America, Bogota ColombiaColombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Ecuador and Venezuela).  It is bordered to the north and north-west by the Caribbean Sea, to the east by Venezuela and Brazil, to the south by Ecuador and Peru, and to the west by Panama and the Pacific Ocean. Colombia is one of the most spectacular and colourful countries in South America. A mix of sea (it has both Caribbean and Pacific coastlines), mountains (the Andes here are at their most dramatic) and jungle. The magnificence of the landscape is equalled by some of the most beautiful colonial towns on the continent.

Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands are located 400 miles east of the southern tip of South America. The islands were visited by Charles Darwin in the 19th Century and, like the Galapagos, were found by him to contain examples of flora and fauna, not found elsewhere. The islands are flourishing sheep-raising centers.

The economy is dependent on the export of wool and the sale of Falkland Islands postage stamps and coins. Whales and seals abound in the littoral waters and formerly were heavily hunted. There are rich fishing grounds surrounding the islands and the government began selling licenses to foreign commercial fishing operations in 1987.

French Guiana

French Guiana is an overseas department of France, located on the Caribbean coast of South America and part of Caribbean South America. The interior is comprised of equatorial jungle. Off the rugged coast lie the Iles du Salut and Devil’s Island. Cayenne, the capital and chief port, is on the island of the same name at the mouth of the Cayenne River. Cayenne, French Guiana’s atmospheric capital and chief port offers a number of attractive sights. Points of interest include the Jesuit-built residence of the Prefect in the Place de Grenoble and the Botanical Gardens.


South America, GuyanaGuyana is situated on the northern coast of South America east of Venezuela, west of Suriname, and north of Brazil. Covered with rivers and a massive rainforest, it's a rugged, unspoiled country, with over 90% of its population living along the coastal areas.  Tourist facilities are not developed, except for hotels in the capital city of Georgetown and a limited number of eco-resorts. continues...

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South America

South America
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