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South America


South AmericaSouth America is a continent, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. South America is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of 17,820,000 km² (6,880,000 sq mi), or almost 3.5% of the Earth's surface. As of 2005, its population was estimated at more than 371,200,000.

Portuguese and Spanish are the primary languages of the continent. The majority of South Americans (51%) speak Portuguese. However, most South American countries are Spanish-speaking, and nearly all of the continent's lusophones reside in Brazil.

Mestizos officially make up the majority of the populations of Chile (90%), Colombia (58%), Ecuador (65%), Paraguay (95%) and Venezuela (67%). Figures in other countries are Argentina (about 13%), Bolivia (30%), Brazil (about 12%), Uruguay (8%) and Peru (37%).

The region of South America also includes various islands, most of which belong to countries on the continent. The Caribbean territories are grouped with North America. The South American nations that border the Caribbean Sea – including Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana – are also known as Caribbean South America. From the Amazon River and the sort sand beaches of Brazil to the stunning Andean highlands and Ecuador, there is much to see and do in South America. Explore the ruins of Peru's Machu Picchu, lost city of the Incas, The Enchanted Galapagos Islands in Ecuador or stroll the verdant paths of Chile's National Botanical Gardens in Santiago. Tango the night away in Buenos Aires, Argentina's vibrant capital; South America holds the interest of travelers a like.

In central South America the climate is very humid and there are rain forests. Around the rain forests there are arid deserts. The Iguacu Falls, in Southern Brazil, are one of the biggest falls in South America. The falls are made up of 275 cascades. The width of the Iguacu is 2.5 miles or 4 kilometers. In the local language Iguacu means "Great Waters."largest lakes: Maracaibo, Titicaca, and PooPo. biggest river: Amazon River.

South Ameriaca, Galapagos frigatebirdSouth America is home to many interesting species of animals including parrots, tarantulas, snakes, and mammals. There are not many large predators in South America, but the Jaguar is one of the strongest predators in the world. There are three animals found mainly in South America that look very different from each other, but they are closely related. These are the sloth, the anteater and the armadillo. One of the most famous animals that lives in the Amazon river is the piranha fish, known for its sharp teeth and an aggressive appetite for meat and flesh. The largest snake in the world Anaconda is living in rivers and dense forests of South America. Brightly colored and poisonous frogs are living inside the forests. The camelid Llama is another important animal lives in South America. continues...

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