is divided into 22 provinces: 10 located in the Inter-Andean Region
(Sierra), 5 in the Coastal Region (Costa), 6 in the Amazon Region
(Region Amazonica) and 1 on the Galapagos Islands (Archipielago de
Colón). The provinces are the following:
Azuay is a province of Ecuador, created 25 June
1824. It encompasses an area of 7.700 km². It has protected areas such as El Cajas National Park and the city of
Cuenca, an UNESCO World Heritage
Site, Azuay is southern Ecuador’s most important tourist center.
Moreover, Azuay is a great place to shop for high-quality
handicrafts and partake in festive celebrations throughout the year.
It was founded by the Spanish in 1571. Located in the heart of the country, quaint
Guaranda is the smallest provincial capital in the highlands. The
province is divided in 7 cantons: Caluma, Chillanes, Chimbo,
Echeandia, Guaranda, Las Naves, San Miguel. The Carnival festivities of the area have
gained fame throughout Ecuador.
Cañar is located some 36 km north of Azogues its
capital, is home to
Ecuador’s most important archaeological site Ingapirca. Ingapirca
means `Wall of the Inca' and have been occupied by the native Cañari
people for some 500 years. The province also has interesting indigenous
markets and lakes. The climate here is relatively cool.
Carchi is a province in far north of the country
on the border with Columbia. It belongs to Sierra region. Tulcan is
the province's capital. The province is home to some of the nations most
impressive protected areas, such as El Angel Reserve, and several
interesting and colorful towns. One of its major attractions is Gruta de la Paz.
Cotopaxi is a province in central Ecuador in Sierra region.
Latacunga (2,850m) is the capital of the province.
Cotopaxi’s main attraction is Cotopaxi
National Park. Typical, curious markets like Pujili, Saquisilí
and Latacunga can be found at Cotopaxi province.
Those are surrounded by Cotopaxi, the highest active volcano in the
world and well known for climbing. Its name was given to a National