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 Ecuador > Galapagos Islands > Islands

Islands of Galapagos


Galapagos sea lionSanta Cruz: Located centrally it is the second biggest island, 380 square miles. Like some of the other islands it is almost circular, about 26 miles long and 19 miles wide. Santa Cruz, the most frequently visited island in the archipelago, is often described as the point of embarkation for any Galapagos journey. It is only a short ferry ride away from the Baltra airstrip, the most common means of entry to the islands. In Puerto Ayora, travelers can charter small boats to farther-flung Galapagos destinations, and here, too, one mile to the east on the coast of Academy Bay, one may experience a positive result of human habitation-the Charles Darwin Research Station, a haven of scientific inquiry and information and a breeding spot for the famed giant tortoise.

San Cristobal: San Cristobal Island is the fifth biggest island of the Galapagos. It is lozenge-shaped, about 30 miles long and 10 miles wide. Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, the provincial capital, is on the southwest point. One hour northeast of Puerto Baquerizo Moreno is Isla Lobos. This small island is separated from the main island by a narrow stretch of rough waters. There is a trail where lava lizards are often seen. Upon its rocky shores, blue-footed boobies nest (in season), while sea lions rest and play.

Fernandina: Fernandina is the youngest island in the Galapagos. It's also one of the most volcanically active islands, as eruptions occur every few years. It's exciting to see how every few years the landscape and life on Fernandina change. The visitor site Punta Espinoza is situated at the northeast coast of the island. There you find the biggest colony of marine iguanas. Hundreds of them are sunbathing on the rocks. Besides the island is home to flightless cormorants, Galapagos penguins and sea lions. Mangroves and cacti dominate the vegetation.

 

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Isabela: The largest Island in the archipelago is the 4588-sq-kmIsabela which occupies over 58% of the entire land mass of the Galapagos,. It was formed by the volcanoes Cerro Azul, Sierra Negra, Alcedo, Darwin, Wolf and Ecuador that conflated to one island. This island is marvelous, however. There are a larger number of Galapagos tortoises, and it looks like Isabela is going become more important in Galapagos tourism in the years come. Located on the southeastern coast of Isabela. Puerto Villamil is the main settlement areas on Isabela. A small peaceful town with a laid back atmosphere offers quite a different experience than the tourist shops on Puerto Ayora.

Santiago: Also called James, or San Salvador Island, is located in the west central part of the Galapagos archipelago. It is the fourth largest of the islands and has several excellent visitor sites within 585 sq-km. Santiago has several visitor sites. Three of the sites are close together on the northwest coast of the island. James Bay is the most visited point on the west side of the island. Puerto Egas carves out a corner of James Bay. On the eastern coast of James Island is Sullivan Bay. There you can admire a large area of fresh pahoehoe (ropey) lava flows dating from an eruption in 1897. continues...

 
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